Berlin Ministerial Conference “United for World Food Security” – Conclusions of the Presidents – World

Ahead of the upcoming G7 summit at Schloss Elmau, governments, international and regional organizations, multilateral development banks, non-governmental organizations and philanthropists gathered in Berlin today to unite for food security – to take stock of progress made in joint efforts to overcome the global food security crisis, and to join forces to move forward in this common endeavour.

Reports from the United Nations Secretary-General’s Global Food, Fuel and Financial Crisis Task Force paint a dramatic picture: of the 1.7 billion people in 107 states affected by this crisis, 1.2 billion people will be exposed to a perfect storm of the three dimensions of the crisis – limited finances, sharply rising food prices and rising energy prices. This is on top of intense droughts in places like the Horn of Africa and the use of hunger as a weapon of war in various conflict zones around the world.

Participants noted with grave concern that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is endangering the food security and nutrition of millions of women, children and men and further aggravating the already dire global food security, caused among other things by armed conflicts, climate change and the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The participants shared the conviction that this multidimensional crisis requires a joint and effective global response combining diplomacy, humanitarian aid, development cooperation as well as agricultural and food policies.

Discussions were guided by the belief that short- and medium-term support must be programmed in a way that leads to long-term sustainable transformation of agricultural and food systems. It must strengthen resilience and thus reduce humanitarian needs, stimulate sustainable local production, diversify crops and thus reduce dependence on imports.

The participants expressed their readiness to assume their responsibilities and continue to cooperate closely to achieve a common goal.

I. Stocktaking of progress made

Participants took stock of progress made since February 2022 in efforts to alleviate the global food security crisis.

They welcomed the leadership of the UN Secretary-General in coordinating efforts to overcome the crisis through the Global Crisis Response Group on Food, Energy and Finance.

They also welcomed the G7’s response to the crisis, including the establishment of the Global Alliance for Food Security and substantive preparations for the upcoming G7 summit. The Global Alliance for Food Security is designed to be a key platform for fostering cooperation, guided by the shared belief that governments, international organizations, multilateral development banks, civil society, the private sector, scientific and philanthropic organizations must work together to weather this storm. .

They commended the initiatives taken by the African Union for the eradication of hunger and food insecurity in Africa under the Senegalese presidency, recalling the theme of the African Union for the year 2022 Strengthening food resilience. Nutrition and Food Security on the African Continent and the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Programme.

Participants renewed their commitment to the roadmap agreed to under the Call to Action for Global Food Security hosted by the United States in New York on May 18, 2022. Participants called on other countries to sign the roadmap and continue to implement its commitments. They took note of the importance of the Food and Agricultural Resilience Mission (FARM) announced by France, and recalled the sensitization of Mediterranean countries through the Mediterranean Ministerial Dialogue on the food crisis organized by Italy on June 8 2022.

Participants looked forward to addressing the issue of food security as an essential component of agricultural, social, economic and environmental development under Indonesia’s G20 Presidency. They recalled the G20 Matera Declaration on Food Security, Nutrition and Food Systems promoted under the previous Italian G20 Presidency.

Participants welcomed the Action Plan of international financial institutions to combat food insecurity and the commitment of multilateral development banks to increase and accelerate political and financial support to countries and households vulnerable to the food crisis. Food Safety. They stressed the need to sustainably increase local agricultural production in affected countries, in line with a transition to sustainable agricultural and food systems.

Referring to the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit, participants highlighted the need to continue the transformation of agriculture and food systems with greater emphasis on greater sustainability. The main objective remains to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

II. Go forward

Participants pledged to support the UN Secretary-General’s efforts to alleviate the global food security crisis through the Global Food, Energy and Finance Crisis Response Group.

As a global crisis requires a global response, they are committed to forging strong partnerships within the Global Alliance for Food Security and beyond to ensure no one is left behind. The Global Alliance for Food Security and its working groups will help ensure a cohesive international response to the food security crisis and follow up on commitments made by Global Alliance participants.

The participants called on Russia to immediately end the war in Ukraine, end its threats and blockade of Ukrainian ports and all other activities that hamper Ukrainian food production and exports, endangering lives millions of people around the world.

In the short term, participants pledged to support the humanitarian system wherever possible by providing emergency humanitarian assistance to people at risk of food insecurity, including by strengthening contributions to the World Food Program and other humanitarian actors. and ensuring respect for humanitarian principles in all measures taken. in response to Russian aggression against Ukraine. Furthermore, participants agreed on the need to apply an appropriate balance between humanitarian and development activities, depending on the operational context and needs, and in line with the Humanitarian Development Peace Nexus. In addition, participants agreed on the key role played by all Rome-based UN agencies – FAO, IFAD and WFP – in leading the international community’s efforts to address food insecurity.

Participants stressed the importance of refraining from inappropriate measures that restrict trade and avoiding unjustified measures, such as export bans on foodstuffs or fertilizers, which increase market volatility and threaten global food security and nutrition.

They pledged to continue their support for Ukraine to maintain its agricultural production, storage, transportation and processing, and to help Ukraine and its neighbors rapidly develop additional export routes for agricultural products. They recognized the need, while doing this, to work on additional and new solutions to prevent the grain from being wasted.

Participants committed to continue their work on the necessary transformation towards sustainable agriculture and food systems and to support improvements in the global governance of agriculture and food systems, strengthening the role of the Committee on World Food Security as a platform – inclusive and intergovernmental global form to ensure safety and nutrition for all. The Global Agriculture and Food Security Program is an inclusive, flexible and demand-driven multilateral financing instrument with a proven track record of coordinating country-level development initiatives to support these efforts.

They highlighted the importance of the progressive realization of the human right to adequate food as well as Sustainable Development Goal 2 (zero hunger by 2030). Everyone should have the opportunity to realize this right. Civil society organizations have expressed their willingness to put their experience to use in developing adequate long-term solutions to achieve this objective.

Participants pledged to promote sustainable consumption and increased local production in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the reduction of food loss and waste.

Participants shared the view that farmers need to adapt to climate change to maintain food security. Moreover, sustainable agricultural production should even contribute to global climate protection, contribute to biodiversity, avoid negative impacts on the environment and strengthen the implementation of agroecological and regenerative practices. They highlighted the need for better quality locally adapted seeds and more efficient use of fertilizers, including non-fossil fertilizers, as well as access to digital options for farmers.

In order to be better prepared and to mitigate the implications of the next crisis, the participants showed their readiness to strengthen information sharing and early warning capacities, including the provision of additional means. They pledged to focus on the goal of sustainable agricultural and food systems transformation. A strong and effective multilateral system will be essential to achieving our goals.