Ugandan scientists use coconut water for artificial insemination of pigs

Many people prefer coconut water to soft drinks, despite little empirical evidence that it is significantly more hydrated than regular water.

However, Ugandan researchers have found that coconut water can be used in addition to human refreshment – to artificially inseminate pigs.

Artificial insemination in pigs

(Photo: Photo by FRED TANNEAU/AFP via Getty Images)
This photograph taken on June 15, 2022 shows piglets at Sébastien Brishoual’s French pig farm in Tremeven, western France.

According to the International Livestock Research Institute, Uganda has the highest demand for pork in East Africa, with each individual consuming about 7.5 pounds (3.4 kilograms) of meat per year, Live Science reported.

The translucent juice contained in coconuts is known as coconut water. Pig farming practices in several rural Ugandan communities make it difficult for producers to raise enough meat to meet needs, SciDev.net claimed, a site devoted to new advances in poor countries.

In an official interview, investigator Joab Malanda, a pig industry specialist at Egerton University in Njoro, Kenya, explained that beyond a boar’s body, sperm could survive for about 4 hours. , after which they will begin to deteriorate due to malnutrition and climatic variations.

Scientists determined that coconut water improved clinical outcomes in sperm count transit as part of the initiative, which began in 2017 and involved more than 1,000 producers. This demonstrated that pig breeding cooperatives could use assisted reproduction to increase production.

Investigators working on an initiative funded by Uganda Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) found that using coconut water to transfer sperm allows sperm to survive 24 times longer than usual (their findings have yet to be published in a peer-reviewed study).

African swine pneumonia, a fatal viral disease that generates flu-like symptoms and gastrointestinal lesions in pigs, and swine reproductive as well as lung disease infection (PRRSv), a respiratory disease that affects dysfunctions of reproduction in pigs, are significantly very frequent in cattle.

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Uses of coconut water besides an alternative to energy drinks

To address these issues, the Ugandan administration is considering introducing artificial insemination in pig farming, which intercrops semen from high-quality feral pigs into farm animals for impregnation without breeding.

According to the study, producers should therefore use appropriate sterilization measures when obtaining coconut water for assisted reproduction. Academics expect that by using coconut water, similar producers in Africa will be able to genetically modify pigs and increase pork production.

Experts, on the other hand, are skeptical that coconut water is a good choice for protein powders. Researchers have shown, meanwhile, that the sodium and potassium in the liquid are also beneficial in maintaining the viability of pig sperm.

While according to Mayo Clinicsome research shows that coconut water is equivalent to soft drinks.

The study’s principal investigator, Elly Ndyomugyenyi from Gulu University in Uganda, reportedly claimed that fertility treatment can be used safely and scaled up anywhere else, especially among agricultural producers.

However, because these wild boars are unusual and widely dispersed, it is difficult to transfer semen from these boars to ranches across the country before the semen has even expired.

According to the Mayo Clinic, it is abundant in electrolytes such as potassium, sodium, and magnesium, as well as vitamins, and it has reduced glucose levels, which has contributed to a certain individual using it as substitute for protein powders.

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